The region jhelum dating trending towards water scarcity as well as quality deterioration stage due to its highly unregulated development. The existence of few literature on various aspects of the basin prompts us to study the spatio-temporal variability of its physicochemical parameters and thereby to understand the regulating hydrogeochemical mechanisms based on 50 samples collected during high flow June and low flow January periods.
The water chemistry exhibited significant spatial variability reflecting the mixing processes in the basin. The seasonal effect does change the concentration of ions significantly with modest variability in the order of ionic abundance.
Three major water types, i. However, at certain sites, the biological processes and anthropogenic activities play a major role.
Relatively, the lower ionic concentration during high flow period summer season suggested the significant influence of higher discharge via dilution effect. The higher discharge due to higher rainfall and snow melting in response to rising temperature in this period leads jhelum dating strong h dating zone of human and agricultural wastes into the river. A two-member chloride mixing model used to estimate the discharge contribution of tributaries to the main river channel showed reliable results.
It may be mentioned that the regular and continuous contamination through anthropogenic sources is likely to jeopardize and degrade the water quality in the near future. Thus, critical management approaches and strategies are very imperative for its future sustainability.